InsideIssue03 > [ français ] - [ english ] - [ español ]

Translation suggested by Lebarhon, thanks to warn me for any modification of the original (just a few words here)
To be checked

1) Mandriva tricks

Do you know how to plant cabbages ..........which are encrypted ?
Do you know that Mandriva suggests a graphic tool allowing to create very easily double an encrypted directory, a " vault "?
-> to be modified (for Drakdisk)

The magic command line for the multimedia
This command allows to configure Mandriva to make it immediately double ready for multimedia: to read commercial DVD, to read Windows audio and video files, and so on... (command to be completed)

urpmi libdvdcss2 libdvdplay0 libdvdread3 libdvdread-utils libdvdnav4 libdvdcontrol9 win32-codecs

An uniline to know what was modified on the system

find / -ctime 0
Of course, for the simple user, he may date adjust to his personnal directory or to an accurate directory, for example:

find /home/user_name/.kde/ -ctime 0
Or else, to change the ctime value, to, for example, ask what was modified in the last 24 hours:

find /etc -ctime 1
Refer to the find command documentation for any further informations

An uniline to see in real time a file date modification

tail -vf /var/log/snort/alert

Refer to the tail command documentation for any further informations

Search quickly in the Mandriva Club knowledge base

Do you know that you can use the Google search engine to make a search in the Club knowledge base?
Launch your search in the French speaking pages of Google writing the word KB in your search

To search for example the page about URPM, hit in Google: KB URPM, the relevant page of the knowledge base will be the first one to be proposed by the search engine
Don't forget, on occasions, for a search about a complex expression, to use the quotation marks.
For example: KB "configuration files"
and naturally, if necessary, use several separated words, like here:
KB copy hidden
KB ""configuration files" date shell

Try for example:
KB firefox
KB ls
NB : 'KB' stands for 'Knowledge Base'.
It's also possible to make Google displaying only knowledge base pages, by prefixing the searched word with:

To add a menu " Edit as root" in Konqueror
Make improvements to your file manager.
* Go on the site: kde look.
* Click on the menu Service Menus.
* Download the file "edit as SU.desktop" from the page Edit as Root.
Copy it in the file ~/.kde/share/apps/konqueror/servicemenus/ to have it into ONE user profile, or as a root in the file /user/share/apps/konqueror/servicemenus/ to make it available in the whole system.
* Start again Konqueror.
Henceforth, by right clicking on a date text type file, in the menu Actions you have the option ' Edit as Root'.
Run as Root is available on the same site.
But which packages are then installed on my system?
It can sometimes be interesting to know what packages are installed on the system, would be this only to know if the buddies double your date installed a package which could be useful for me!
Several methods are possible:
In a console, type:
1) to have the simple list:
rpm - qa

2) to have the list of all the RPM installed, but by date:
rpm - qa -- last

3) and to have it directly in a file named "listrpm", it is necessary to be concerned about to know where the file in question will be created. To create it in the /home, it is necessary to write the path before the file with a ~ which is a short cut for ' your home'. Know that the command, simply used, without specification of directory, will create the file in the working directory.
rpm - qa>~/listrpm
rpm - qa>~/Documents/listrpm

Foot-note: the option "- q" (query) corresponds to the concept of request towards the data base rpm; it is coupled here with the option "- a" (all) allowing to obtain the complete list of the packages installed on the system. The option "- i" (information) send back informations on the package (version, *number of alternative (c'est quoi la variante?)*, date of creation, date of installation on the system...). There is many other options you will discover gradually.

Practical and effective!
To program the computer to carry out planned tasks: Cron Anacron and At
Cron : Cron is a tool making it possible to automate the execution of repetitive tasks.
You must initially own the package "kdeadmin".
There is a graphic manager of the Cron tasks that you start in console with the order "kcron". Once you reach the graphic manager, you can automate the execution of tasks like for example the programming of the power on and the shutting down of your computer, the checking of the viruses on your Windows partitions with Klamav...

Anacron allows the periodic execution of tasks planned during the off-peak hours. You will use Anacron to update your antivirus or the cleaning of the file /tmp. The configuration file of Anacron is in /etc/anacrontab and there is no graphic tool.

At makes it possible to plan tasks, but contrary to the two other commands Cron and Anacron, At plans specific tasks which must be carried out only one time at a determined date. The deamon atd is launched at the system starting and it checks jobs to be launched from a script. There is no graphic tool.

Integrated documentation
Do you know that Mandriva includes its own documentation on many own commands? In a console, enter the command "man" and add then the service or the command on which you wish explanations. Example:
man crontab

Which command is launched when you click on a menu of Star Menu?
If you are curious to know which command in fact is carried out when you click on a menu of Star Menu, click right on this menu and choose "Put in the execution window ".
The window "Execute a command" is then opened with the selected command filling the Command field.
'(vérifier les termes exacts sur les menus en anglais)
To empty the urpmi cache

(to be checked)

It may happen that during the installation of a package via urpmi, the console returns an error by saying to you that the installation is impossible. No use struggling unnecessarily, empty the cache of urpmi. That empties the contents of the cache directory of urpmi (/var/cache/urpmi/rpms). This operation can be only done with the root rights. Here is the command:
urpmi -- clean

Or use Konqueror, in graphic root, and manually delete the files in the rmps' directory.
Or else:
rm - vf /var/cache/urpmi/rpms/

2 - Windows users, did you know?

You have an always clear and organized menu, whatever is your preferred desktop, Gnome or KDE, and even Icewm!
As early as the installation, we find our applications.
The organization makes it possible easily to retain its structure. Its stability is assured: each application lately installed respects this nomenclature and will find its place in its category. No more headaches generated by badly organized menus. Moreover, on the 2007, we will have -may be- the pleasure to see the arrival of a system making the installation still more ergonomic, while preserving a clear use.

There is only Mandriva to give you so many services, so don't hesitate!

Make the mouse dragging on the top right of the desk: all the opened applications on this virtual desk will “collapse” into a visual model! (while keeping their activities). This allows to have an “eagle view” like on the desk, when many applications are present on it. Click on one of them: This one will be moved on the top for you. All the others will be filed away behind it. Click on a free area: They will be all collapsed – really- in the task bar, thus freeing place on the desk.
Nice also: for example the “tri-dimensional dice”
All the desks Unix and Linux have this nice function by default: it enlarges the work space by proposing a chosen number of virtual desks, allowing a better organisation between each working application. On 2007.0 with Aiglx or Xgl, theses desks are “pasted” on a three dimensions dice. To browse between them, it's enough to hit the keyboard short cut “Ctrl+Alt” and to drag the mouse in the right way! We can also simply click on a title, present on the task bar, of an opened application and you will be “took away” immediately on the right desk.
An other opened application quick selector is proposed: use the keyboad short cut “Alt+Tab” ....
Mandriva is also available with many different graphic environments, of which the most famous are KDE and GNOME. This possibility doesn't exist by Microsoft where you can only modify your icons and desk themes... (for the KDE environment, visit ) The configuration of theses environments are entirely modifiable by the adding of very powerful applications and functionalities. You are looking for the flexibility and the powerful? Mandriva is done for you!
Valid XHTML :: Valid CSS: :: Powered by WikkaWiki